Sentences of a hundred lashes would usually result in death.
Whipping was used as a punishment for Russian serfs.
Whipping has been used as a form of discipline against slaves.
It was frequently carried out during the period of slavery in the United States, by slave owners and their slaves.
Over the course of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries the proportion of whippings carried out in public declined, but the number of private whippings increased.
The public whipping of women was abolished in 1817 (after having been in decline since the 1770s) and that of men ended in the early 1830s, though not formally abolished until 1862.
Such a device could easily cause disfigurement and serious trauma, such as ripping pieces of flesh from the body or loss of an eye.
In addition to causing severe pain, the victim would approach a state of hypovolemic shock due to loss of blood.
The poet Horace refers to the horribile flagellum (horrible whip) in his Satires.There was no limit to the number of blows inflicted—this was left to the lictors to decide, though they were normally not supposed to kill the victim.Nonetheless, Livy, Suetonius and Josephus report cases of flagellation where victims died while still bound to the post.In the late seventeenth century, however, the courts occasionally ordered that the flogging should be carried out in prison or a house of correction rather than on the streets.From the 1720s courts began explicitly to differentiate between private whipping and public whipping.
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Typically, the one to be punished was stripped naked and bound to a low pillar so that he could bend over it, or chained to an upright pillar so as to be stretched out.